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Integrated Livelihood Support Project (ILSP)

About Project
Components of ILSP
Implementation Approach
Monitoring Arrangements
Project Cost
Result Monitoring
Project Period
Project Area
Institutional Structure of ILSP
Important Circular & Govt. Orders
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The Uttarakhand Watershed Development Unit (UWDU) through Govt. of Uttarakhand has received a credit from IFAD (International Fund for Agriculture Development) for implementation of Integrated Livelihoods Support Project, (ILSP). The UWDU is PIA for Project Component -2: Participatory Watershed Development. The project development objective (PDO) is: The overall objective (goal) of ILSP will be to reduce poverty in hill districts of Uttarakhand. This would be achieved via the more immediate development objective of “enable rural households to take up sustainable livelihood opportunities integrated with the wider economy”.
Uttarakhand is a hill state in the north-west of India, covering 53,483 sq km with a population of about 10.0 million (2011 census). Nine of its 13 districts are classed as hill districts, covering 77% of the area of the state, but with only 44% of the population. Livelihoods are still predominantly rural, but most economic and population growth has also been in the plains, which are becoming industrialised.
Uttarakhand is one of the poorest states in India. The major driver of rural poverty is the difficult mountain environment. Land holdings are very small (average 0.8 ha) and fragmented into 6 or 7 different locations. Tiny terraced plots on steep hillsides makes mechanisation virtually impossible. Shallow and immature soils require high levels of organic matter, but yields are very low.
Agriculture is very largely for subsistence, but very few households are able to produce enough food to last for more than three or four months. People rely on non-farm earnings and safety net programmes. With few rural employment opportunities, more and more people are migrating to jobs outside of hill districts. Between one third and one half of households send migrants and, as it is mainly men who migrate, this places more and more of the burden of farm labour, as well as domestic work, on women. Lack of labour, low productivity and wild animal damage are all contributing to land being abandoned, and it is said that as much as 30% of land in the hills that was once used to grow crops is no longer in production.
The justification for ILSP is the need to stop the deterioration of the productive infrastructure, make farm labour more productive and farming more remunerative, and hence provide incentives for people to invest their time and resources in agriculture. Despite the disadvantages that agriculture faces in the hill areas, Uttarakhand does have the advantage of cooler temperatures at higher altitudes, allowing production of off-season vegetables and temperate fruits. The horticultural sector is less developed than in the other hill states, so there is considerable potential for growth, as there are other niche products such as spices, medicinal and aromatic plants, and nuts.
There is little use of modern varieties, mineral fertilisers and other inputs. Only about 10% of land in hill districts is irrigated. Most households keep cattle or buffalo, but improved crossbreds are relatively scarce, there is minimal investment in feeding and heath care. With 65% of the state covered in forest, damage to crops by wild animals is a major problem. Farmers and others report that the climate in Uttarakhand is changing, with rainfall patterns becoming more erratic. Another area with growth potential is tourism. However more needs to be done to ensure that local people fully participate in, and benefit from, this sector.